UPSC Civil Services Exam, How to Prepare from Home.

UPSC conducts the Civil Service Exam every year. Civil Service(P) examination is factual in nature. An aspirant must prepare a strategy for the examination. For candidates who dream of becoming an IAS but don’t know how to start their exam preparation from home, this article will help them. This article will discuss how one can prepare for the examination from home without any coaching, etc.

Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) conducts the Civil Service Exam to recruit IAS, IFS, IPS, and other ‘A’ Grade officers. The candidate who clears the UPSC examination, appoint the most reputed post in the country, provides many facilities with great responsibility. Every year approximately 10 lakh students apply, and about 5 to 6 lakh appear for the examination.

How Aspirants can prepare for Civil Services Exam from Home?

The Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination is more factual in nature. On the other hand, the main examination requires deep analysis and comprehensive evaluation of questions, as answers written by a candidate in the examination represent the candidate’s overall personality.

In recent years, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has made comprehensive changes in the pattern of the mains. In light of these changes, a robust strategy is required to score high in mains.

UPSC CSE Prepare from Home

Every year, many candidates disqualify in the mains due to poor preparation or the right strategy. As there are 20-25 questions in each of four papers of GS, a student has to answer within a time limit, and therefore, answer writing practice is important along with coverage of the syllabus of each subject of CSE Mains.

For candidates who will appear in Mains 2022, the focus should be entirely on revision, solving previous year’s question papers, and answering writing practice at this moment.

Students planning to appear in CSE Mains 2022 will get ample time to reconcile and recollect information relevant to the UPSC, utilize the existing skills, and acquire relevant knowledge, an in-depth understanding of each subject, and clarity of thoughts and expressions.

Strategy to crack CSE Mains

Stay updated with current issues (read the news in the last year, focusing on current major issues). One can buy The Hindu news compilation, which is released every third month.

Lastly, if you target UPSC 2022, revision is the key to success in the mains examination.

Paper wise GS Mains books and sources for civil services preparation

GS Paper-1

Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society


GS Paper-2

Major topics

  • The federal structure of union and state, separation of power between centre and state
  • Comparison between Indian constitutions with other various constitutions of other countries
  • Non-Government Organisation (NGO) and Self Help Group (SHG) basic functions. The question mostly asked from current affairs
  • Note: In GS paper 2, questions are from current affairs, majorly covering issues that were in the news in the past year


GS paper-3

Major topics

  • Agricultural issues related to minimum support price, subsidies, irrigation facilities
  • Macroeconomic issues that are in the news which included issues like infrastructure like ports, railway and waterways
  • Issues relating to RBI monetary policy, RBI’s role in the economy, 25 years of LPG subsidy, civil aviation policy
  • Read Budget and Economic survey (Twin Balance sheet problem and bad bank loan) to cover the above topics

Other sources

  • For science and tech, read The Hindu (Offer Price 899/year),
  • For the environment, read the climate part of Economic Survey and India yearbook on the environment
  • For disaster management, read Tata Mcgraw Hill
  • For internal security, you can go with Vision IAS Magazine.

GS Paper-4

Major topics

  • Case studies: Go through the previous year questions and analyse the mindset of question framers and see what kind of topics are generally asked for the case studies part. Try to solve as much case studies as possible
  • Ethics: Questions are mostly asked from corporate governance, civil service, ethical issues, private and public affairs of the civil servants

Sources for Ethics: The lexicon for ethics, second ARC recommendation

Once you are done with the basics of polity, geography, history, and economy with the help of NCERT books and above recommendations, try to spend most of your time analysing the previous years’ question papers and start solving them. It will help you assess yourself and then improvise on the areas lacking.

Before a month of the examination, try to remain calm and do not fret about any topics you have not covered. To better memorise facts, you must go through UNESCO websites, Ramsar sites, national parks, and government websites and keep enrolling yourself in mock test papers that help gain a sense of the exam.

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